Design: A military perspective
A friend points out an article written by two professors at the School of Advanced Military Studies (SAMS) at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, that addresses the question of design, in general:
In practice, design progress is neither smooth nor orderly, it is iterative and recursive as problems and solutions emerge, new experiments are conducted, consequences are evaluated, obstacles are overcome, and old problems are reframed. (p. 114)We might expect this in a universe that, at the quantum level, is not absolutely determined. Some retooling is always needed to deal with current problems, whether they are foreseen or not.
Even if problems are foreseen, they cannot necessarily be fore-prevented, because they do not exist in the past, and efficiency prevents carrying a toolkit for all future occurrences, as opposed to developing a solution, using design principles, later on.
Find out why there is an intelligent design controversy: